052为什么有机物很重要-与Maria Rodale一起

| 生长,,澳门威廉希尔

在本周的节目中,我和我的英雄之一——玛丽亚·罗代尔重温了一段对话,为什么有机物很重要。玛丽亚是有机农业和园艺的终身倡导者,是有机农业实践的第三代人。尽管她的家庭现在是健康世界的标志性人物,their legacy was born out of a simple,但充满激情,相信健康的土壤=健康的食物=健康的人。

虽然你可能熟悉Rodale这个名字,you might not know the full extent of their achievements.罗代尔公司.是一家全球健康出版公司。它出版了一些公认的健康杂志;包括Men's Health,,妇女健康,,Prevention,,Runner's World,,Bicycling,andRodale's Organic Life.罗代尔研究所™位于库兹敦,PA and is a leading organic agricultural research and education non-profit organization – with Maria Rodale at the helm as Co-chairman.

Joe Lamp'l和Maria Rodale

在我2010年接受玛丽亚·罗代尔的《绿色世界》采访时,这是一个轻松的时刻,作者和终身倡导有机农业和园艺。

玛丽亚也是一位多产的作家,她的书Organic Manifesto – How organic farming can heal our planet,养活世界,and keep us safe是我的最爱。我第一次读的时候,我被迷住了,我做的每一件事都回响着这令人心酸的信息。

罗代尔遗产的历史

The Rodale Institute was founded by Maria's grandfather,J.I.罗代尔。第二次世界大战在欧洲爆发时,J.I.被一群英国知识分子的作品吸引,他们正在旅行和分享他们对自然与农业关系的国际探索。他们的发现激发了J.I.把一种有机的心态带到美国Organic Farming and Gardeningmagazine in 1942.

短语“有机生长今天是一个常见的口头禅,but that wasn't always the case.在20世纪30年代末和40年代初,J.I.的有机原则被认为是令人反感的,不科学和不爱国。He was strongly ridiculed for his organic message.

Although there were already instances of the negative health consequences of agricultural chemicals – children were dying of lead poisoning after eating apples grown in orchards using lead arsenic – synthetic chemicals were seen as the patriotic wave of the future.

为了证明反对者是错的,玛丽亚的父亲罗伯特·罗代尔开始了罗代尔研究所的比较研究。在少数愿意参与的科学头脑的参与下,Robert grew organic and synthetic crops in side-by-side fields to demonstrate and prove the viability of organic principles.40年后,这项研究仍在继续,是同类研究中最长的一次。

Visitors see for themselves why organic matters

The Rodale Institute is open to the public to view demonstrations and purchase organically-raised products.

有机工程——眼见为实

2010,这个Growing a Greener World®crew and I visited the Rodale Institute to film一集的节目.We were taken aback by the notable differences between crops grown organically and synthetically.

有机种植的玉米,例如,was more robust and productive.当我说“更稳健,我的意思是茎several feethigher than the synthetically-grown corn crop.The organic corn stalks were also noticeably more lush and green.

As it turns out,我们拍摄的那年比平常干燥。Through their study,Rodale研究所发现,在理想条件下和平均降雨量下,人工种植的玉米和有机种植的玉米生产出类似的作物。然而在干旱或大雨的年代,是有机种植的玉米茁壮成长,当合成作物挣扎的时候。

为什么有机作物在不利条件下表现更好?合成肥料只为植物提供养分,澳门赔率和威廉希尔对比但是有机肥料正在为土壤提供养分。综合喂养玉米脆弱的根系在贫瘠的土壤中挣扎,而土壤无法保持最佳水分。

Healthy soil is better able to hold moisture – even in dry spells.所以,the crop grown in organically-fed soil has access to moisture and nutrients held within that fertile soil itself and is able to maintain healthy growth and production.

罗代尔研究所的乔·拉姆普

You can see here how much taller the organically-grown corn was than the synthetically-grown corn.This image was taken during a drier season at the Rodale Institute and demonstrates that 澳门赔率和威廉希尔对比plants are better able to thrive during times of stress when they are grown in organic soil.

我们食品中的化学制品生意

不幸的是,综合化工生产是一项大业务。像陶氏和孟山都这样的公司在政治和全球市场上拥有强大的影响力。

In researching her book,,有机宣言,玛丽亚会见了许多使用合成化学品的农民,所以她可以更好地理解他们的需求和动机。She learned that the synthetic chemical trade has a seminal reach into the modern farming mindset.

化学公司影响的基础设施普遍存在于农民的教育中——从早期在4-H俱乐部的生活开始,参与美国未来的农民,and on through college education and farm management.毕竟,化学公司拥有,赞助或管理4-H,美国未来的农民,农业局,and many agricultural co-ops.They also fund the research being done by farming students in universities across the country.

许多农民认为他们的化学品供应商是他们最值得信赖的信息来源。难怪化学物质对于竞争和成功是必要的,这一信息在他们的农业生活中一直是不可或缺的。It's a tangled financial and psychological web.

但是,当信息来自一个对遵守这些建议的人有既得利益的来源时,它是多么值得信赖?在其他行业,this is a recognized conflict of interest.

所有这些肯定不会打击农民——这些化学资助的项目和机构是农民的面包和黄油,他们在农民的成败中扮演着巨大的角色。

经常,farmers are in the grip of a synthetic cycle.他们现有的债务,他们的农业同行和农业局本身都对农民保持快速的综合实践。这项农业法案的目的是让化工公司受益,而不是让农民受益。许多农民不同意该法案的某些要求,他们更愿意不受这些补贴的影响,如果有选择。

农业是一项困难的事业。农民当然不是in it for the money"他们这样做是为了热爱自己的工作。The unfortunate truth is that they have little choice but to be driven by the industry as a whole – just to survive.

农田

化学品是农民竞争和成功所必需的,这一信息无处不在——从小就在4-H俱乐部度过,并贯穿于整个农业教育计划。

真正的危害是什么

Rodale Institute studies have shown that organic agricultural practices are more reliable and more productive during inclement conditions.简而言之,那些有机种植的植物做得更好。澳门赔率和威廉希尔对比我们都喜欢健康的植物和良好的作物,澳门赔率和威廉希尔对比但还有更多的危险。

In preparing for her book,Maria expected to find that the primary benefit of growing organically would be increased nutritional value in the food produced.她很快发现有一个更紧急的消息。

用合成化学物质种植食物的最大风险不在于植物健康,澳门赔率和威廉希尔对比这与营养价值无关。合成化学物质对我们的个人健康有长期和系统的影响。

可靠且受人尊敬的独立研究证明,从害虫管理到施肥,农业各个方面使用的化学品都是糖尿病等疾病的直接原因。自闭症,不孕不育ADHD,and cancer.据记载杀虫剂会导致儿童白血病,and that GMO's (Genetically-Modified Organisms – genetically-modified 澳门赔率和威廉希尔对比plants) cause organ failure and accelerate human aging.

Roundup(草甘膦)是世界上使用最广泛的除草剂,尽管有公认的证据表明它会导致先天缺陷。

你认为只要给那些非有机水果和蔬菜好好洗一洗,或者剥下它们的皮,你就能保护自己吗?这个问题比你可能意识到的要严重。

想想这个例子:几十年前,在市售西瓜中发现农药涕灭威并不少见。Anyone eating watermelon treated with Aldicarb was also consuming the chemicals – and getting sick.在播客录制时,澳门威廉希尔Aldicarb was considered dangerous and slated to be phased out by 2015,但它正在卷土重来。农业产业正在把这种已知的毒素重新纳入他们的食品种植业务中。.

Joe Lamp'l观察了Rodale研究所的土壤演示

在拍摄我们成长中的绿色世界事件时;Maria's daughter,MayaRodale证明了来自有机和合成实践的土壤样本的显著差异。

有机实施变革

我相信我们都想做出好的选择。大多数人——包括你,可能–感觉做一个好的环境管理者很重要。但我们中的许多人并没有通过我们的行动来遵循这个信念。If you grow your own food,that's a good start.如果你有机地花园,那就更好了。

但我们真正能产生影响的是我们的支出。那可能是一颗难以吞咽的药丸。Buying organic is more expensive – no two ways about it.当我们生活在预算之内时,我们的选择从哲学转向实践。Also,you might feel that you don't have much impact on your own,but make no mistake – there are many eyes watching how you spend.

每个行业的企业都在追踪资金。这是保持竞争力的本质。所有行业都会衡量市场内的每一笔购买——政府机构也是如此。他们都想了解消费者在做什么,因此他们可以预测并充分利用购买趋势。

这些趋势成为投资,这些投资最终成为农民的资金。

这是一个久经考验的经济原则:如果我们共同需求有机产品,投资将转向有机实践以满足这种需求,增加有机供给意味着降低有机成本。

购买带有美国农业部认证有机标签的产品可以改变整个农业产业。当您购买的产品是合成生产的转基因或是美国农业部认证的有机产品时,有人在记笔记。你的购买是一次投票——在需求框上打勾。我们做的每件事都很重要。

Joe Lamp'l和Maria Rodale

There was so much more I wanted to discuss with Maria Rodale during our Growing a Greener World filming that I invited her to join me and continue our talk in this 2010 澳门威廉希尔podcast.玛丽亚是个知识丰富的人,她的书《有机宣言》是必读的。

你可能不知道,但我并不总是在花园里或有机购买。在我园艺生涯的早期,合成肥料,pesticides and herbicides weren't an uncommon site on my property.As I learned more about the negative impacts of synthetics – and observed some myself – my thinking changed.我一步一步地成为一名有机园丁,making incremental changes that snowballed – because I was so inspired and excited by the results organic methods produced.即使你只是从一两个变化开始,这些努力将产生影响。

My purchasing habits changed too,我从来没有不必要或不明智地花钱。我现在把购买有机食品看作是对我健康的投资,我家人的健康和我周围世界的健康。

如果你还没读过有机宣言,find a copy and transform your thinking.如果你还没听过这个播客录音,澳门威廉希尔我建议你滚动到这些笔记的开头,现在就听?我今天和玛丽亚的谈话和我们2010年第一次谈话时一样有意义和信息性。And near the close,我分享了她书中一些强有力的词语。希望你喜欢。

Links & Resources

GGW第123集:有机园艺与罗代尔研究所

Growing a Greener World®

Organic Manifesto – How organic farming can heal our planet,养活世界,and keep us safe

罗代尔研究所™

克莱姆森大学:涕灭威回归农业农药混合物

Milorganite®–我们的播客澳门威廉希尔集赞助商和JoeGardener.com的品牌合作伙伴

About Joe Lamp'l

Joe Lamp'l is the creator and"乔“在Joe Ga澳门williamhillrdener®后面。他毕生的热情和对园艺事业的热爱,使他成为国家有机园艺和可持续发展领域最受认可和信任的人物之一,并长期从事园艺事业。这一点在他作为“绿色世界”的主人和创造者的角色中最为明显,一个国家绿色生活方式系列PBS目前正在生产的第九季。When he's not working in his large,raised bed vegetable garden,he's likely 澳门赔率和威廉希尔对比planting or digging something up,or spending time with his family on their organic farm,就在亚特兰大北部,GA.

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